Predictors of problematic social media use in a nationally representative sample of adolescents in Luxembourg

Andreas Heinz, Claire van Duin, Helmut Willems

Claire van Duin, Andreas Heinz, Helmut Willems

Social media use has increased substantially over the past decades, especially among adolescents. A proportion of adolescents develop a pattern of problematic social media use (PSMU). Predictors of PSMU are insufficiently understood and researched. This study aims to investigate predictors of PSMU in a nationally representative sample of adolescents in Luxembourg. Data from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Luxembourg were used, in which 8687 students aged 11-18 years old participated. The data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression. A range of sociodemographic, social support, well-being and media use predictors were added to the model in four blocks. The predictors in the final model explained 22.3% of the variance in PSMU. The block of sociodemographic predictors explained the lowest proportion of variance in PSMU compared with the other blocks. Age negatively predicted PSMU. Of the predictors related to social support, cyberbullying perpetration was the strongest predictor of PSMU. Perceived stress and psychosomatic complaints positively predicted PSMU. The intensity of electronic media communication and preference for online social interaction were stronger predictors of PSMU than the other predictors in the model. The results indicate that prevention efforts need to consider the diverse range of predictors related to PSMU.

Zitiervorschlag

van Duin, C., Heinz, A. & Willems, H. (2021). Predictors of problematic social media use in a nationally representative sample of adolescents in Luxembourg. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(22). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211878

https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211878

Verwandte Projekte

HBSC-Befragung 2018

In der HBSC-Befragung 2018, wurden über 8 000 Schülerinnen und Schüler befragt. Unter anderem wurde erhoben, wie viele von ihnen rauchen, wie häufig sie Sport treiben und wie wohl sie sich in der Schule und zu Hause fühlen. Da es sich bei HBSC um eine Partnerstudie der WHO handelt, können die Ergebnisse mit denen aus 50 Ländern in Europa, Asien und Nordamerika verglichen werden.

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